Pope Francis has arrived in Myanmar for the first papal visit to a country widely accused this year of ethnic cleansing of Rohingya Muslims.
The focus is likely to be on whether he uses the term "Rohingya" to describe the group, who the US and UN say are the victims of ethnic cleansing.
Myanmar officials reject the term, raising fears it could spark violence by the Buddhist majority if he does.
The Pope will meet de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi, as well as the army chief.
He is then due to visit Bangladesh, and meet a small group of Rohingya refugees there in a symbolic gesture. The 80-year-old pontiff has become known for his moderate views and willingness to denounce global injustice.